election


election
A key idea in the Bible is that God chose (‘elected’) people to serve his purposes for the world. First he chose Abraham (Gen. 12:2) and the nation that sprang from him rather than any other nations, even though they were mightier or more numerous than Israel (Deut. 7:7). It was a matter of God's free, almost arbitrary, decision—but repeatedly Israel failed, by idolatry or disobedience, and Isaiah prophesied that only a remnant of the nation would survive to reap the rewards of faithfulness when God's day of judgement [[➝ Judgement]] came (Isa. 37:31 ff.). So the original assumption that the whole nation was elected was gradually scaled down.
The NT represents the climax of this process, in claiming that finally God chose a single individual alone to fulfil his purposes for mankind—Jesus. When that had been accomplished, then the company of the elect could begin to expand again, and ‘a chosen race, God's own people’ (1 Pet. 2:9; the Christian Church) replaced the old as the object of God's election and the inheritors of his promises (Rom. 4:9 ff.). In effect, the Church is the New Israel, though that term is not used in the NT.
As with old Israel, the Church's privileges are complemented by responsibilities; they are to proclaim God's mighty acts (1 Pet. 2:9) and those who are chosen will respond to the preaching (1 Cor. 1:24). Paul insists that salvation is entirely the work of God (1 Cor. 1:30 f.), giving the believers a sense that they need not fear the day of judgement (Rom. 8:33 ff.), and this conviction is the incentive towards a holy life (Col. 3:12 f.). The gentile [[➝ Gentiles]] response to God's election will be so substantial that, Paul maintains, the Jews will also be won over to faith in Christ (Rom. 11:2, 28).
Although Paul praised God for having chosen him and fellow believers in the Body of Christ, he never suggests that those not so chosen are doomed or destined for perdition.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • élection — [ elɛksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1135; lat. electio « choix », du supin de eligere → élire 1 ♦ Vx Choix. Mod. (Dr.) Élection de domicile. Théol. Choix préférentiel de Dieu. Le peuple d élection : le peuple élu, les Juifs. Cour. La patrie d élection, celle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Election — • In its broadest sense election means a choice among many persons, things, or sides to be taken. In the stricter juridical sense it means the choice of one person among many for a definite charge or function Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • election — elec·tion n 1 a: the act or process of electing b: an instance of the electorate voting for candidates for an elective office c: the fact of being elected 2: the right, power, or privilege of making a choice: as a: the right of a spouse to choose …   Law dictionary

  • élection — ÉLECTION. s. fém. Action d élire. Choix fait par plusieurs personnes, Corps ou Communes, au concours des suffrages. Faire une élection. Approuver, confirmer une élection. L élection de l Empereur se fit un tel jour. Il donna sa voix pour l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • election — Election. s. f. v. Choix. Faire une bonne election. approuver, confirmer une election. je vous en laisse l election. l election de l Empereur se fit un tel jour. il donna sa voix pour l election de. assister à une election. faire une election. On …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • election — e‧lec‧tion [ɪˈlekʆn] noun 1. [countable] when people vote to choose someone for a job: • She was nominated to stand for election as a Coca Cola director. • Mr Morrow is also up for election to the board of directors at a rival Chicago bank. 2.… …   Financial and business terms

  • Election — E*lec tion, n. [F. [ e]lection, L. electio, fr. eligere to choose out. See {Elect}, a.] 1. The act of choosing; choice; selection. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of choosing a person to fill an office, or to membership in a society, as by ballot,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Election 2 — (黑社會以和為貴) est un film hongkongais réalisé par Johnnie To, sorti en 2006. C est la suite d Election, sorti l année précédente. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • election — Election, Electio. Election libre, Soluta optio eligendi. Election premiere, faisant jugement à la deuxiesme, Praerogatiua tribus. L election des Preteurs, Praetoriana comitia …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • election — [ē lek′shən, ilek′shən] n. [ME eleccioun < OFr election < L electio, a choice, in LL(Ec), the election of believers: see ELECT] 1. a choosing or choice 2. a) a choosing or being chosen for office by vote b) a voting, as in a municipality,… …   English World dictionary

  • election — (n.) late 13c., from Anglo Fr. eleccioun, O.Fr. elecion choice, election, selection (12c.), from L. electionem (nom. electio), noun of action from pp. stem of eligere pick out, select, from ex out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + ligere, comb. form of legere …   Etymology dictionary


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